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Periodontal disease, commonly referred to as gum disease, is caused by bacterial growth in the mouth. Gingivitis usually takes place before periodontal disease. In the early stages, bacterial growth results from plaque buildup. If left untreated, it can progress into periodontal disease. The disease can result in tooth loss if not properly treated in time. There are both non-surgical and surgical periodontal treatment options available. Both options can be performed by a local dentist in Studio City.
Non-surgical treatment options are suitable for cases that are not as severe. One of the most common non-surgical treatments involves a deep-cleaning method. This is called scaling and root planing. Scaling consists of scraping off tartar from the gum line and surrounding areas. With root planing, rough spots are removed from the teeth. Germs regularly gather around these rough spots. Thus, bacteria is removed that could otherwise progress the disease. Depending on the severity of the disease, multiple visits may be required to complete the procedure.
Surgical treatment may be required if the case is more severe. There are several surgical treatment options available. Also, more than one surgical treatment may be used in order to achieve the desired results. The most common ones are flap surgery and bone and tissue grafts. Flap surgery is performed to remove tartar deposits and reduce the size of the periodontal pocket, which makes it easier for the area to be cleaned. The surgery consists of pulling back the gums, removing the tartar, and then suturing the gums back in place. Bone and tissue grafts are performed to promote bone growth and tissue regeneration. This is sometimes necessary due to bone and tissue loss resulting from periodontal disease.
Preventing plaque and tartar buildup is the best way to avoid gum disease. If you suspect excessive plaque and tartar buildup around your gums, visit your dentist as soon as possible. It is easier to deal with the problem the earlier you catch it! Contact Studio City Dental Center to set up an appointment.